Apparently there are 4.54 billion pages in existence on the internet and I’d argue a fair percentage of that number is posts on whether or not you should foam roll. Some of them are flat out saying foam rolling is useless for everyone and it should be avoided. End of article then? Wait a sec!
Let me ask you: can we really say something is bad for everyone despite there being thousands…….maybe millions of people benefiting from it, or having benefited from it? When did you last hear of someone dying from foam rolling? It may have happened but I can assure you it didn’t happen from faulty foam rolling – even if someone repeatedly smacked you around the head with one, I doubt you’d die.
The bottom line is you can’t knock anything until you try it yourself . You can’t even write it off based on someone else’s experience with it as they’re not you. That said, I’ve had many positive experiences with foam rolling and have worked with people who have experienced the same. If any of the following apply to you then this article is worth reading:
- You are someone who has ‘foam rolled’ before but hasn’t felt it did anything
- You are someone who has been told to foam roll by either a physiotherapist or personal trainer but may be unsure on how to do it optimally
- You are someone looking to improve mobility or muscular imbalances
- You train for a sport and are concerned about the long term health of your tissues
- You are a fitness enthusiast and just generally looking to learn as much as you can about different concepts
- You know someone who is stoutly against foam rolling and you’d like to show them another case for it
Issue #1 – Crappy foam rollers
Too many commercial gyms have foam rollers that would be better suited as bed pillows. A foam roller SHOULDN’T be soft. The harder the foam roller, the greater pressure can be applied to your muscle tissues and fascia, and providing you’re foam rolling correctly, the greater the release.
Once a foam roller loses its density and becomes ‘spongy’ it needs replacing.
Issue #2 – Incorrect foam rolling
How many people have you seen rolling back and forth on a foam roller like they’re trying to get the roller to start up or something? I hate to break it you but the faster you go, the LESS likely you are to hit a trigger point; this trigger point is basically the tight/tender spot in the muscle that needs to be relaxed. If you’re wizzing past it quickly, how can the muscle ever get a chance to relax?
A better (and ideal) way to do it is to slowly roll over the entirety of the muscle until you find the said trigger point and then staying on the point of highest tension, breathing into it and spending a good 60 secs+ and you’ll find eventually it doesn’t feel so tender.
Issue #3 – Having no clue about muscle anatomy
You can’t foam roll a muscle if you don’t exactly know where the muscle is. It’s simple but often overlooked. Just having a decent knowledge on muscle location/function should be enough to ensure you don’t end up trying to foam roll your calves with the foam roller under your armpit.
Issue #4 – Foam rolling areas that don’t need it
A fitness enthusiast will get a foam roller for Christmas and will want to play with it all day long – they’ll foam roll their fingers, their skull, their neck, their lower back, they’ll even get their dog foam rolling religiously every night. Come on now, less is more! If you’re correctly foam rolling and following the guidelines we’ve already established, and still not feeling anything, then that particular area probably doesn’t need to be foam rolled.
Focus on areas in need and you’ll maximise your time and not have to spend ages on a foam roller for no benefit. I don’t know about you but I have got better things to do!
Issue #5 – Good old consistency!
Foam rolling once per month will never yield noticeable changes; would you expect to get ripped eating broccoli once per month but junk food for the other 30 days?! Consistency applies to almost everything in life but definitely everything fitness related. Foam rolling is least of all an exception! Frequent sessions on rest days are sufficient. Again, by following the ideas already mentioned you shouldn’t need to spend too long once you know which muscles are deserving of attention and which aren’t.
1-3 minutes spent on areas in need done 3 times per week is a frequency that should bring about good results in terms of tissue quality and mobility improvements.
Other useful points……
Your body will adapt to foam rolling like it adapts to anything else it’s exposed to enough. Once again, foam rolling is no exception. This means you’ll have to either foam roll for longer (not recommended) or foam roll with more intensity (i.e. more pressure/force). The simplest method to do this is to invest in a better foam roller. There are some really hard ones on the market which are much more effective than your run of the mill gym one or supermarket one.
Also, anyone used to (good) sports massages or ART (Active Release Therapy) may be beyond the point of regular foam rolling. Basically a knowledgeable human will always outdo a foam tube. Maybe every once in a while a spot of foam rolling may help you feel a little looser but it’ll never be comparable to a skilled practitioner.
Foam rolling doesn’t magically improve flexibility.
I’ve seen people using foam rollers and wondering why they can’t go from not being able to touch their toes, to being able to kiss their knees in a standing forward fold. Foam rolling is a TEMPORARY release of the muscles, which then allows you to do any necessary mobility drills. Granted, foam rolling when done properly can slightly and momentarily improve flexibility but for faster gains you need to combine it with direct flexibility work.
Other implements can be used for self myo-fascial release.
Lacrosse balls are a good choice for massaging tender muscle tissues. It’s not unheard of to even use cricket balls or tennis balls as these have a small surface area, which allows for specific targeting. The pec minor seems to respond particularly well to cricket ball release – providing you locate the muscle correctly. This isn’t to say you can’t foam roll small muscles, but with the foam roller you’ll be foam rolling a larger area which makes finding the ‘sweet spot’ tougher. Hence why some folk prefer the ball option.
Foam rollers aren’t limited to merely massage purposes either; they can be used as blocks (like yoga blocks) or even just support implements. The ways which you can use them extend far beyond what the generic chart on the wall in your gym says.
The 'brains' behind StraightTalkingFitness, a site all about discovery that leads to strength in all formats; fitness, mental, emotional and spiritual. Everything starts from within and projects outwards. Master the body, master anything and everything.